The two traditions, “within society” and “beyond society,” balance and complement each other. The main difference between Confucianism and Taoism is in the focus of each philosophy as Confucianism focuses on the society while Taoism focuses on the nature. View Notes - Confucianism and Daoism from HIST 101 at Catherine Mcauley High School. Distribute the SHEG document excerpts and the Confucianism and Daoism quotations. When studying the ancient China in a world studies curriculum, one of the cultural touchstones are the vastly influential and lasting philosophies of Confucianism and Daoism. These discussions – taking place simultaneously – should last about 25 minutes. If I have to choose one of Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism as a governing system. The “Way,” which is the sacred path for living to Daoism, has people fully committed to non-violence and even to “abhorring” and “shunning” all weapons. Daoism is generally attributed to the thinking of Lao Tzu, a Chinese philosopher of the late fifth century BCE. • Main principle is ren, which describes that people should behave in a loving, selfless, and moral way. They should get feedback, and their argument builders returned for revision. developed a more idealistic version of Confucianism. Daoism likely established monasteries and temples Through the influence of buddhism Daoism developed a pantheon of hundreds of deities, the most important being The Three purities Confucianism has been especially 551-479 Distribute counter-argument builders, one per student. Despite the different distinctive features in each of the philosophies, the two complemented each other and it was believed that for one to be considered complete: he/she had to measure up to the two philosophies. Another student should be chosen at random to paraphrase the quotation. The Three purities. Hung Kei Kenneth Lo, Who are macro-community members: an answer from the viewpoint of Confucianism, Safer Communities, 10.1108/SC-01-2020-0001, ahead-of-print, ahead-of-print, (2020). Confucianism is represented by Confucius (founder, 551-479 B.C. STUDY. Assign students reading on (3) Three features of ideal government in Document A 1. Confucianism. Students should also be told that they will be matched with another pair of students that are taking the position opposed to theirs for culminating small-group discussions. The two great indigenous philosophical and religious traditions of China, Daoism and Confucianism, originated about the same time (6th–5th century BCE) in what are now the neighboring eastern Chinese provinces of Henan and Shandong, respectively. Get help with your Confucianism homework. By the 12th century, Confucianism had evolved into a rigid philosophy that calls for preserving Both Confucianism and Daoism(Taoism) provide principles that are versatile from each other. Crossref Joseph Lok-Man Lee, Noel Yee-Man Siu, Tracy Jun-Feng Zhang, Face, fate and brand equity: service recovery justice and satisfaction, Journal of Consumer Marketing, 10.1108/JCM-01-2019-3037, … Conversely, the Buddhists on their part firmly have the objective to achieve the perfect state of nirvana and pursue the four noble truths (Huston, 1991; Smart, 2000). 289 B.C.) Daoism is known to be created by the legendary Lao Zi. o Li describes the actions that are right because of the needs of society. The post below includes resources which focus on the way that arguments can be made about the desirability of certain systems of thought and the values they inscript. Confucianism Daoism (Taoism) • Founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century BCE. The father of Taoism is considered to be Lao Tzu, a mystic who lived in the sixth century BC. Two of the most influential of these philosophies were Confucianism and Daoism. Students should be encouraged to respond to each other’s points, though they can also concede points where they feel inclined to. The conflict created a need for new political models to solve the crisis. “Weapons are ominous tools. Ғ��PJ7��(���X��t�/_�;�OƳ�_�.�E�Ly:�MN�ӹ'49O_�g�#t�Y2�����a�'�_O��[͞�l��T�J��m�N����r�=̖SiRx6��l�λ�骞�v���-��=���x�신6�%�ַ��]�nq�8,.�ڒ� ��0w*W�Xܿn.�{�l;���Mm-����V���k�z��Ikؿ ��,9�9-�'i���!� ����� Mp�bVG:�X�ៗ���I���|6I��ٷ����/aS���OQH6�pW����}��T�#B�ઈxU3�,�����g����E�XA����%$*��ŕ�ք���\�-i�u]K�f��cQ {�N6^AXjK[�����GU��q!z,D��]�i���b���F�����������j�΋Mw>~�5!��a��؆����Y�5��R �0��p,��Z�!լ��ë�A�h��hxC�Ю�>�ͦ�XN�-��Fx�(�ƫ� ,kݦ��W�'l�����P�� : �� 9�* x�8g"�l��`��|ԯ(�k��;d0� Confucianism and Taoism are two of the world’s major philosophies which have been given by Chinese society. When they created their first statement on Daoism and the environment 20 years ago, the Daoists traced four principles. They should get guidance and support as they need. Daoism has also exerted great influence over Asian and world cultures and worldviews through the centuries. (2) The counter-argument can say that the evidence included in the argument doesn’t substantiate the claim that the other side’s philosophy has this particular belief. Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism, and Buddhism Confucianism is a system of ethical reasoning founded by Confucius and developed by Mencius. Have students define key terms. Taoism became well-known in the eighth century C.E. Taoism (Pronounced "daoism") Founder. bblahovec144. • Principles of li and yi dictate actions. Introduce Confucianism and Daoism – their historical contexts, their main tenets, and their influence. 551-479 B.C.E. Rather, they are arguing that their philosophy should influence the way people today live, and it should so do because of the values that it espouses and beliefs that it teaches. As a result, this period led to the development of many new philosophies. and is based on the philosophical ideas of Lao Tzu. Present the Stanford History Education Group (SHEG) slides. Reasoning The “Way,” which is the sacred path for living to Daoism… Document _____ Use evidence from the document and your knowledge of Confucianism and Daoism to support your answer. Buddhism, on the other hand, is a religion from ancient India, dating back to the sixth century B.C. "The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism" (original Free Press edition 1951) is one of a number of works by the German sociologist Max Weber (1864-1920) published in English translation only long after his death, during a post-World-War II boom in Anglo-American interest in his writing. Daoism, on the other hand, focuses on living in harmony. It now has approximately 20−30 million followers, mostly in China, Korea, and Japan. Certain common assumptions are to be found in each, and distinguish both from Western ways of thinking. Let us begin with the two religions from China first: Taoism and Confucianism. They can conclude with a teacher-led sharing-out. Have students define key terms. Search. Flashcards. They all had a different way of teaching but all of them wanted to end the conflicts in China. Start studying Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism. Confucianism emerged to dominate the other schools that had developed in the fertile social upheavals of pre-imperial China such as Daoism (), Mohism, and Legalism, all of which had criticised Confucianism (c. 400–c. This project incorporates material from the Stanford History Education Group (SHEG) project on this topic. Taoism is a religion and philosophical tradition that originated in China around 550 B.C. Chinese philosopher Confucius (551 – 479 BCE), as part of the larger Hundred Schools of Thought, laid down the tenets of his worldview in the Analects. Generally, we would recommend that these pairings be heterogeneous, serving differentiation goals, though the best pairing strategy is usually made based on a closer, more specific understanding of students and their propensity to work productively with certain classmates more than with others. Students should be paired with a partner. %PDF-1.6 %���� Created by. It espouses the principles of etiquette, humaneness, and righteousness, and upholds loyalty, forgiveness, and the doctrine of the mean. and has its foundation on the teachings of Siddhārtha Gautama. ). It focuses on virtue in a morally organized society. Both traditions have permeated Chinese culture for some 2,500 years. Subjects: Social Studies - History, World History, Asian Studies. In Confucianism everyone had a rule that they had to follow. Feb 3, 2018 - In the 5th century BCE, China was thrown into a period of intense warfare among rival states. Pairs should be grouped with pairs taking the other position. Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism, and Buddhism | Sutori Buddhism was … • Main principle is ren, which describes that people should behave in a loving, selfless, and moral way. (c. 400–c. Confucianism emerged to dominate other schools that were growing in the fertile social upheavals of pre-imperial China Daoism (Taoism), Mohism, and Legalism all attacked Confucianism. Basically, these three religions underscore living in harmony with nature and fellow humans. It can therefore be concluded that: … If possible, collect the counter-argument builders and offer feedback on these, for revision. Contact: ggcoe83@gmail.com. Lao-tzu, translated as either "Old Master" or "Old Boy," is believed to be the author of Taoism. 200 B.C. Literary works include The Analects, the Mencius, and the Xunzi. Lao-tzu (604-517 BC) Known as the "Old Master." While Confucianism teaches a person to be a socially involved moral person, Daoism teaches a person to achieve peace with oneself. between human beings. The masterwork here is the Tao Te Ching, generally translated as The Classic of the Way and Virtue. I'll be live-tweeting the VP debate tonight on my personal account. Distribute argument builders, one per student. Establish the debatable issue, explaining that student pairs will take one position or the other – either that Confucianism or Daoism should more influence people today. Confucianism emerged to dominate other schools that were growing in the fertile social upheavals of pre-imperial China Daoism (Taoism), Mohism, and Legalism all attacked Confucianism. Daoism and Confucianism, as the two indigenous spiritual and philosophical traditions of China, are at the very core of the recovery of a specifically Chinese perspective on protecting our planet. Website design by, Classroom-Embedded Implementation Coaching, Dismantling Racially-Motivated Arguments for Exclusion, ACCIS-ing Chess in a Critical Thinking Rich Classroom, Exercising Response and Refutation in Interpreting ‘Interpretater of Maladies’, AWE-some Reasoning Through Interpretive Arguments on ‘Caramelo’, Dartmouth Institute for Writing and Rhetoric, International Debate Education Association, Published today in the Chicago Tribune on the electoral debate debacle and what it says about education. In the 5th century BCE, China was thrown into a period of intense warfare among rival states. The project also uses a format of discussion that is looser and less rules-based than a debate (though, of course, rules have their utility and place, when striving to reach certain levels of rigor in a scaffolded academic setting). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Michael Granado 4,094 views 21:26 Han Fei and Legalism - Duration: 20:27. via GIPHY. Finally, this project is an example of the way that an argument-centered approach has the agility to incorporate varied curricular resources — in this instance, some SHEG (Stanford History Education Group) document excerpts and background information. Spell. An English translation was published in 1951 and several editions have been released since. Ancient Confucianism and Daoism are distinct streams of thought, their differences stark at times. Confucianism, Taoism, and Legalism are the three pillars of Chinese philosophy, and have influenced all thinking and actions in China since their inception. 200 B.C.). Confucianism deals with social matters, while Taoism concerns itself with the search for meaning. Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism all have their own outlook on the fundamental ideas, general objectives, individual aims, perspective about life in general, codes of conduct, perception of the society where they belong and certainly their influence on the Chinese culture and tradition. Confucius believed in societal harmony by government not nature. The conflict created a need for new political models to solve the crisis. Daoism - Daoism - Daoism and other religions: Confucianism is concerned with human society and the social responsibilities of its members; Daoism emphasizes nature and what is natural and spontaneous in the human experience. Students’ desks can be arranged in a circle, and they should sit next to their partner. PLAY. In the following centuries, it existed alongside Buddhism and Confucianism (another philosophical religion). This work describes differences among them and explains the story about the frog in the well by Zhuang Zi. Pairs should build their arguments. Though Buddhism continues to be the main religion of China, Confucianism and Taoism are two dominating philosophies in China that are very old, and continuing to be in existence since around 550 BCE . (3) The counter-argument can say that this belief shouldn’t be embraced by everyone today, or that it isn’t as important as beliefs held by its side’s philosophy. Literary works include The Analects, the Mencius, and the Xunzi. Confucius presenting the young Buddha to Lao-tzu. (3) Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism Directions: Write down 5 important beliefs of Confucianism below. • Principles of li and yi dictate actions.  Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism are all forms of different ways of thinking. 200 B.C.). There is no evil without some good, no beauty without some ugliness, no life without death. There are no clear boundaries between these intertwined religious systems, which do not claim to be exclusive, and elements of each enrich popular … Assign students reading on these ancient Chinese philosophies from the textbook, if one is being used. Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism each have their own box and one question related to each of the philosophies (philosophy/religion for Daoism). As a result, this period led to the development of many new philosophies. Confucian political theory stresses the importance of justice and … Anyone who follows the Way shuns them” [Tao Te Ching chapter 31]. Confucianism. Daoism likely established monasteries and temples. Taoism is a religion and philosophical tradition that originated in China around 550 B.C. "Those who know do not say; those who say do not ), Mencius, and Xunzi. American society is far too violent today, and we would be much better off if weapons were shunned instead of purchased (legally or not) and used to commit violent acts. o Li Taoism. To experience God, man had to look within himself and nature. He was a humanist and believed/taught that man was at the The most effective system would be Legalism, because it's stable, strict and strong. Building educators' capacity to producecollege-ready performancefor all students. Confucius lived during what years? Confucianism Daoism (Taoism) • Founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century BCE. Confucianism is the first important philosophy from the Warring States Period. Do the same for the Daoism quotations. Confucianism is a ethical, philosophical, and moral system established by the famous Confucius. Each counter-argument can be one of three types. h�bbd```b``��� �q�du�,+����e`�s0yL��ɓ@�����"�@��li7 D�?���yc����H�I �#H�+�e`�g�%�t"�30]` �Oa endstream endobj startxref 0 %%EOF 86 0 obj <>stream Most believe in One God, but this is not necessary since Confucianism is not a religion but a belief system about social ordering. as the religion of the Tang dynasty. Confucianism is the first important philosophy from the Warring … Confucianism and Daoism Augustus Cleopatra Attila and Pope Leo Roman Empire and Christianity Unit 2: Medieval The Dark Ages Expansion of the Islamic Empire … Saddened by society's lack of goodness, Lao-tzu decided to leave his home in … Daoism and Confucianism also agree that all people are born good and deserve to be rewarded by their governments and not being punished. Download Pdf. Taoism and Confucianism have lived together in China for well over 2,000 years. Geographical distribution and predominance (Majority or strong influence) Mainly in Thailand, Cambodia, Sri lanka, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, Japan, Myanmar (Burma), Laos, Vietnam, China, Mongolia, Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong and Taiwan. Joseph Lok-Man Lee, Noel Yee-Man Siu, Tracy Jun-Feng Zhang, Face, fate and brand equity: service recovery justice and satisfaction, Journal of Consumer Marketing, 10.1108/JCM-01-2019-3037, … A[a��݃A�D���(�A .U]��VU.�,J�~JOVYb"Yf'�m+�k�b���/ʩuTtk}�6���G�g�s,J�V��Lu�ܟ��3ΎZ�pVّFfMc:Ͽ��g_J@ޛm�v�L��A?�c���3q$�xJU�SC���p�]u�C�"fMP�_��/�� m�E`K�?�� �]f�x|֠��2<. Browse. 43 0 obj <> endobj 66 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<17EBD5A80062442589F10C471E9E7151>]/Index[43 44]/Info 42 0 R/Length 115/Prev 211798/Root 44 0 R/Size 87/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Create. Pairs can be given a choice over which position to take, as long as there ends up with a balance between the two positions, or they can be assigned a position. When all the Confucianism quotations have been read, students should identify their most favorite and least favorite in a quick-write, a few of which can be shared out. Confucianism and Daoism are both ways of thinking and styles of life. While Confucianism teaches a person to be a socially involved moral person, Daoism teaches a person to achieve peace with oneself. Confucianism and Taoism are both ancient Chinese styles of living. Taoism and Confucianism — Ancient Philosophies A representation of the three philosophies in China. As a result, this period led to the development of many new philosophies. STANFORD HISTORY EDUCATION GROUP sheg.stanford.edu Document C (Modified) Chien Wu went to see Chief Yu. Let us begin with the two religions from China first: Taoism and Confucianism. Very little is known of his life; he may not even have existed. 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