From 1914-1945, modernism in American literature reflected the unease of those grappling with a changed post-war world. It is in the public domain in the US, because it was created before 1923. The artwork in the banner images at top and bottom of most pages is a detail from the work Composition A, by Piet Mondrian, painted in 1920. This exhortation by the American poet Ezra Pound sums up the Modernist agenda in one short phrase. This dude was important for single-handedly crafting the tradition of Modernist poetry and quite literally shaping the work of other players of the period, such as T.S. This play from Lillian Hellman centers on the matrons of an … The Modernist era was an era of boldness and fast-paced living. Public domain. Francis Scott Fitzgerald was an American novelist, widely regarded as one of the greatest, if not the greatest, American writers of the 20th century. The modernist black writers who arose in the first three decades of the twentieth century introduced a new stereotype into American literature. For a more in-depth overview of "Modernism," what it was, and how it manifested itself in architecture, music, dance, and literature, click the link directly below to read about it from the, Reference works, both print and electronic, great for learning the basics about a topic, Books, by and about these authors and their work, as well as themes related to modernist literature, from the QuickSearch online catalog, Periodical databases giving access to citations to articles, popular and scholarly (many in full-text), Information on how to get materials from other libraries, If at any time in your research your need help, click, The artwork in the banner images at top and bottom of most pages is a detail from the work, https://guides.library.duq.edu/american-modernist-writers. Modernist novels destroy conventions b… The movement displayed a disregard for conventions and other forms; this led to fascist flirtations and rampant narcissism. You may copy this list to build your own just like it, re-rank it to fit your views, then publish it to share with your friends. Quick view Summary Biography Artworks. These events influenced the writings of this era that display the diversity, materialism, and pride seen throughout America. While they were laying the international foundations of literary modernism, another modernism far more specifically American was being born in the work of William Faulkner, Wallace Stevens, William Carlos Williams, Marianne Moore, Ernest Hemingway, and F. Scott Fitzgerald. For a more in-depth overview of "Modernism," what it was, and how it manifested itself in architecture, music, dance, and literature, click the link directly below to read about it from the Encyclopedia of Aesthetics. In American Literature, the group of writers and thinkers known as the Lost Generation has become synonymous with Modernism. American modernist writers. Ezra Pound (1885-1972) is "the Father of Modernism," because as a poet and editor and critic he inspired and encouraged artists and writers to make new art and literature in the 20th century. Every well-known or influential figure in this movement is listed below. SO DECLARED Virginia Woolf in a statement that virtually all subsequent writers on Modernism have felt obliged to quote. She was best known for her paintings of enlarged flowers, New York skyscrapers, and New Mexico landscapes. His fluid, sculpted figures in his paintings showed everyday people in scenes of life in the United States. While they are deciding, make even more art.” - Andy Warhol. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. American modernist literature was a dominant trend in American literature between World War I and World War II. Ernest Hemingway – The Sun Also Rises chronicles the meaningless lives of the Lost Generation. https://www.goodreads.com/list/show/2413.100_Best_American_Authors Bellows, George. English novelist Virginia Woolf declared that human nature underwent a fundamental change "on or about December 1910." WWI ; Urbanization ; Industrialization ; Immigration ; Technological Evolution ; Growth of Modern Science ; Influence of Austrian Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Influence of German Karl Marx (1818-1883) 3 WWI 4 URBANIZATION 5 INDUSTRIALIZATION 6 IMMIGRATION 7 TECHNOLOGICAL EVOLUTION 8. Moreover, ‘modernism’ was not a term these writers used to describe their own writing: it only began to come into currency in the late 1920s, when it was influentially used in A Survey of Modernist Poetry (1927) by the poets Laura Riding and Robert Graves. [Modernism] represent[s] modernist culture's uncompromising confrontation with and sense of severance from the conventions and tastes of both mass society and the governing elite and its determination to rebuild and renew the arts. This world, characterized by a growing youth culture, became the … This exhortation by the American poet Ezra Pound sums up the Modernist agenda in one short phrase. The Children's Hour by Lillian Hellman. It was and is an ongoing, evolving period of American literature. In the wake of the First World War, several American artists chose to live abroad as they pursued their creative impulses. The idea of a poem as a riddle to be cracked had its beginnings in the Modernist period. Along with Grant Wood and John Steuart Curry, he was at the forefront of the Regionalist art movement. This exhortation by the American poet Ezra Pound sums up the Modernist agenda in one short phrase. Many American modernists became expatriated in Europe during this time, often becoming stalwarts in the European movement, as was the case for T. S. Eliot, Ezra Pound and Gertrude Stein. The modernist era highlighted innovation in the form and language of poetry and prose, as well as addressing numerous contemporary topics, such as race relations, gender and the human condition. Click to Send Email, or phone me at 412.396.5351. Hurston's novel Their Eyes Were Watching God (1937) offers an excellent source for … Though The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature sees Modernism ending by c.1939, with regard to British and American literature, "When (if) Modernism petered out and postmodernism began has been contested almost as hotly as when the transition from Victorianism to Modernism occurred". In American literature, the modernist period stretches from the turn of the 20th century through the end of World War II. These notable American modernism period artists are organized alphabetically, but you may sort this information by clicking any column. His work is strongly associated with the Midwestern United States, the region in which he was born and which he called home for most of his life. Click here to read the "Modernism" overview. Avery, Milton. Modernist literature was a predominantly English genre of fiction writing, popular from roughly the 1910s into the 1960s. Eliot and H.D. If you take a course on modernist literature at school or university, you’ll probably be studying writers who began their careers between 1908 and 1930—such as those I’ve mentioned so far. Modernist luminaries include T.S. Public domain. Blast: Review of the Great English Vorte x (1914 and 1915) - Vorticism was Britain’s answer to avant … Modernism is not a movement, nor even a way of thinking, but an event: an event with which any serious writer has, in some way or another, to engage, and to … The "homemade world" Hugh Kenner describes exists alongside the world of Pound, Joyce, and Eliot. What is Modernism? American modernist literature was a dominant trend in American literature between World War I and World War II. The statement testifies to the modern writer's fervent desire to break with the past, rejecting literary traditions that seemed outmoded and diction that seemed too genteel to suit an era of technological breakthroughs and global violence. The culture saw the Harlem Renaissance and the Roaring Twenties (also known as the Jazz Age). You may also find interesting the American Art overview page. These writers we… While they were laying the international foundations of literary modernism, another modernism far more specifically American was being born in the work of William Faulkner, Wallace Stevens, William Carlos Williams, Marianne Moore, Ernest Hemingway, and F. Scott Fitzgerald. https://www.buzzfeed.com/isaacfitzgerald/these-writers-are-not-to-be-missed The required courses range across fields and genres including art history, film, ecocriticism, sociology, urban studies, travel writing, and music, as well as providing a grounding in traditional and emerging narratives of modern American literary history. Acccording to the Oxford Companion to English Literature, 7th edition: . Many Modernist writers used the stream of consciousness method in their works. Andrew Michael Dasburg (4 May 1887 – 13 August 1979) was an American modernist painter and "one of America's leading early exponents of cubism". This literature course, the sixth module in the Poetry in America series, explores a diverse array of American Modernist poets and poems.While “Modernism” is notoriously difficult to define, the movement spanned the decades from the 1910s to the mid-1940s, and the poetry of this period marked a clear break from past traditions and past forms. Literature scholars differ over the years that encompass the Modernist period, however most generally agree that modernist authors published as early as the 1880s and into the mid-1940s. Biographies and analysis of the work of artists central to development of Modern Art in the United States. But chaos and destruction are embraced, as they signal a collapse of Western civilization's classical traditions. The Modernist writers infused objects, people, places and events with significant meanings. O'Keeffe has been recognized as the "Mother of American modernism".In 1905, O'Keeffe began her serious formal art training at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago and then the Art Students League of New York, but she felt constrained by her lessons that focused on recreating or copying what was in nature. Not everyone would agree that modernism is an early twentieth-century movement, though: there are certainly contemporary writers who would define themselves as modernist or ‘neo-modernist’. New technology and the horrifying events of both World Wars (but specifically World War I) made many people question the future of humanity: What was becoming of the world? Modernism requires an active reader: you need to work to make sense of it. American modernist literature. It directs users to: Use the tabs at the top of the screen to access the various sorts of information. "Make it new!" Acccording to the Oxford Companion to English Literature, 7th edition: . But chaos and destruction are embraced, as they signal a collapse of Western civilization's classical traditions. TOWARDS A DEFINITION OF AMERICAN MODERNISM DANIEL JOSEPH SINGAL Hobart and William Smith Colleges "ON OR ABOUT DECEMBER 1910, HUMAN CHARACTER CHANGED." The list you're viewing is made up of many different artists, including John Marin and Abraham Walkowitz. Source: Wikimedia Commons, Source: http://www.poetryfoundation.org/bio/h-d. "Make it new!" Source: Wikimedia Commons. Modernity is clearly one of the principal themes of Modernism, but the great Modernist writers—including T. S. Eliot, Virginia Woolf, and James Joyce—are far from worshipping the modern age. Click on a picture below to enter his gallery and see larger pictures and read my captions about Pound. "Make it new!" During that time, she... John Marin (December 23, 1870 – October 2, 1953) was an early American modernist artist. Source: Wikimedia Commons, Photo by Carl Van Vechten. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. Library of Congress. While Mondrian was born in the Netherlands, he spent the last years of his life in the United States. American Modernists include: 1. He is best known for his novel, The Great Gatsby, which vies for the title ‘Great American Novel’ with Mark Twain … In 1908, unable to fund further education, she worked for two years as a commercial illustrator, and then taught in Virginia, Texas, and South Carolina between 1911 and 1918. Literary modernists celebrated the collapse of conventional forms. All the greatest artists associated with the American modernism movement are included here, along with clickable names for more details on that particular painter or sculptor. He also studied in Paris, lived in New York City for more than 20 years and painted scores of works there, summered for 50 years on Martha's Vineyard off the New England coast, and also painted scenes of the American South and West.... Georgia Totto O'Keeffe (November 15, 1887 – March 6, 1986) was an American artist. Modernism is a branch of modern literature that tried to move away from the realist novels that dominated the Victorian era. Literary modernists celebrated the collapse of conventional forms. The movement reached its height between 1900 and 1920. Modernist literature came into its own due to increasing industrialization and globalization. Early American Modernism: 27 of 631 Total Artists. In the wake of the First World War, several American artists chose to live abroad as they pursued their creative impulses. Eliot, Franz Kafka, James Joyce and Ezra Pound. This exhortation by the American poet Ezra Pound sums up the Modernist agenda in one short phrase. Or you can contact me, Ted Bergfelt, the creator of this page. If at any time in your research your need help, click Ask Gumberg. Like their British contemporaries, American Modernists rejected traditional institutions and forms. {#nodes}, “Don’t think about making art, just get it done. MODERNISM American Literature 1914-1945 2 Causes of the Modernist Era. https://www.goodreads.com/list/show/13182.Modernist_Literature Modernist writers were influenced by such thinkers as Sigmund Freud and Karl Marx, amongst others, who raised questions about the rationality of the human mind. Known as \"The Lost Generation,\" American writers of the 1920s brought Modernism to the United States. Besides having one of the most terrifyingly brutal pun-ready names in the English language, Pound was one of the 20th century's great American poets. This webpage is designed to assist the researcher, whether undergraduate, graduate student, or faculty member in finding information available through the Gumberg Library on American Modernist authors ant their works. There is a great and proud tradition of American writers, including some of the world’s most famous authors.Novels, plays, and poems pour out of the United States, with increasing numbers of women, African American, Native American and Hispanic writers making a strong contribution. Though historians tracing the origins of Modernist culture have quarreled with Woolf s exact … Modernism … Thematically, works in this style often depicted a breakdown of societal norms, depressive behavior in the face of uncertain future, loneliness, alienation from known … II. The American modernist dramatist Eugene O'Neill 's career began in 1914, but his major works appeared in the 1920s and 1930s and early 1940s. It … Quick view Summary Biography Artworks. But there’s pleasure—and yes, fun!—to be had in seeing literature do something it never had before. Photo by Alvin, Langdon Coburn, 1922. List of famous American modernism artists, with images, bios, and information about their notable works. The "homemade world" Hugh Kenner describes exists alongside the world of Pound, Joyce, and Eliot. Early American Modernists. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. In American Literature, the group of writers and thinkers known as the Lost Generation has become synonymous with Modernism. Acccording to the Oxford Companion to English Literature, 7th edition: Modernism is… best understood as an epoch of radical cultural upheaval which flourished predominantly in Europe and the USA from, arguably,   around the last quarter of the 19th century to, no less debatably, around the start of the Second World War. The modernist era highlighted innovation in the form and language of poetry and prose, as well as addressing numerous contemporary topics, such as race relations, gender and the human condition. Chase, William Merritt. Two other significant modernist dramatists writing in the 1920s and 1930s were Bertolt Brecht and Federico García Lorca. Authors began to describe everyday life and new technology. The Masters in American Modern Literature focuses on the American Literature of the late nineteenth to the twenty-first century. They imagined a reality with multiple layers, many of them hidden or in a sort of code. Postmodernism focused on the present and the future. Pound, Lewis, Lawrence, and Eliot were the principal male figures of Anglo-American Modernism, but important contributions also were made by the Irish poet and playwright William Butler Yeats and the Irish novelist James Joyce. Zora Neale Hurston wrote as a Black woman about her own experiences and therefore, in some way, spoke to the general Black female experience in America. For writers like Hemingway and Fitzgerald, World War I destroyed the illusion that acting virtuously brought about good. Often the works had multiple narratives. The modernist American literature produced during the time reflects such themes of destruction and chaos. War and industrialization seemed to … During the First World War, the world witnessed the chaos and destruction of which modern man was capable. During this period, society at every level underwent profound changes. Also predominant was the use of comparison, symbolism, discontinuous narrative, and psychoanalysis. Modernist literature after 1939. ... Thomas Hart Benton (April 15, 1889 – January 19, 1975) was an American painter and muralist. These events ushered in a new age in American literature, Modernism, as writers began to attempt to express modern life with their writings. Let everyone else decide if it’s good or bad, whether they love it or hate it. Although prewar works by Henry James, Joseph Conrad, and other writers are considered Modernist, Modernism as a literary movement is typically associated with the period after World War I. 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