In groups of horses, offering various piles of hay will also ensure all horses have access to the forage. Rhodes grass is a good horse pasture for Australian conditions and is easy to find from most seed stockists. A safe and effective way to properly treat hay is with buffered propionic acid. -, TheHorseStudio.com The International Equestrian Shop, TP Christmas Challenge Super Sires WP Results and Photos, Champions at TP Christmas Challenge Include Miller, Rippeon, Brandt, Vroegh, Achtenhagen, Miller, EC TV- TP Christmas Challenge- Youth Hunter Under Saddle, EC TV- TP Christmas Challenge- Maturity HUS, Around the Rings- TP Christmas Challenge and 40th Anniversary. For these horses NSC, P and mold content are key. 2. Technol. Hay with 500,00 to 1 million cfu/g is relatively safe, while hay with over 1 million cfu/g of mold should not be fed to horses due to the risk of respiratory issues. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. Genetic-Diet interactions in the Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis Syndrome in Quarter Horses fed varying amount of Potassium: III. First, cut hay also has a lower fat and protein content. Some balers even read every bale as they go through the machine. Check the design carefully. After 12 hours, Ca:P ratios ranged from 8:1 to 10:1 in alfalfa hays. "If the horse is receiving enough calories to meet its requirements from the forage being fed then no oats are needed and no oats should be fed." Soaking reduced magnesium (Mg) and phosphorus (P) levels in all hay types. Conf. Yes, farmers are becoming high tech each year. Short-Stem Situations Many horse owners appreciate the management benefits of hay cubes and pellets because they take up … Mouth ulcers, also called hay blisters, can be caused when horses ingest foxtail (Setaria species). It also allows farmers to bale with more water content in the hay, which means if they sell by the ton they will receive a higher price. We all know the real hazards to horses of dusts and molds in hay. An unknown mold changes naturally occurring cumarol in sweet clover to dicumerol, a blood thinning drug. Very dusty hay is sign of mold and is not safe for use. Good Horse Grass Crested Dog’s Tail. Nutrient Requirements of Horses. Oat grass is a common forage in the Western United States. Hay can also be useful when keeping horses indoors, and while transporting them. While you might think treating hay with acid might create problems for your horse—especially relating to gastric ulcers—this is not the case. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. The first cut of hay is the first hay harvested from a field for that year. Horses are impacted the most by moldy hay and can lead to respiratory and digestive problems like colic or heaves. Dust stays at ground level, so less goes in the horse's nose and airways. Most people can start to detect mold around 500,000 cfu/g. The digestive system of a horse needs time to adjust to changes whether it be grain or hay, so be sure to add just a little bit of new with the old and switch over slowly. COPD or Heaves is an allergic reaction to dust and mold in the airway. Some people let their horses in the field after the harvest and its pretty bad, and if you have pasture in an old soy bean field, the horses usually wont eat it. But there was greater dry matter loss after 12 hours of soaking compared to the other soak times. I don’t think so! McGreevy PD, Cripps PJ, French ND, Green LE, Nichol CJ. Criss cross the stack, i.e. 2009; 727-740. 6. Leave a minimum of half inch gap between and around every bale on the layer. Horses that have allergies and are sensitive to the natural dust and particles in hay can benefit significantly from wetting or soaking hay. The high nitrogen can cause colic, the high protein and sugar content can cause and aggravate Cushings. Throwing a tarp on top of the hay just under the leak will not eliminate water and will allow water entry/run off onto another part of the stack and moisture will in any event be present in the building. Mold-infected clover can cause slobbers, liver damage and bleeding in horses. This is beneficial for horses with breathing problems such as heaves. In GC Fahey et al. Hay should be dry to the touch. Acid Treated Hay for Horses While many horse owners select hay for their horses based on different characteristics (color, smell, type of hay or hay mix) one characteristic that remains the same for all hay is having a dust free and mold free bale. Frank N. Insulin resistance and equine metabolic syndrome. But hay fed on the ground may be easily trampled, used as bedding and contaminated with manure. Taking the horse off the hay is the best treatment. Admin 2018-09-10T11:54:10+02:00. it can cause colic, ulcers, respiratoy infection etc. Baling hay that shows a moisture content of over 14% can be a recipe for disaster and is not recommended. Probably the very worst way to store hay is in a steel container. For these horses, pellets or hay cubes can be a critical source of fiber and general nutrition. These hays are immature. Baling and cutting alfalfa is a whole other topic too. Due to a bad hay crop, University of Missouri-Columbia veterinarians are reporting an increased number of horses with chronic selenosis and vitamin E deficiency, problems that can be fatal. Oat Hay Analysis (average) Oat hay tends to be higher in nitrates and also high in sugar (NSC), so this hay is not an option for insulin resistant horses. Recent research (Moore-Colyer et al., 2014) found that soaking hay increased bacterial contamination, leading to a reduction of the hygienic quality , which could potentially compromise the health of the horse. Both grass hays had NSC levels above 12 percent. Hay with less than 500,000 cfu/g of mold is considered good quality. The wastage factor is high. Jennie Ivey, University of Tennessee Extension Equine Specialist, says foxtail does not produce a … This is because it is higher in protein. First Cut Versus Second Cut 360 pages. 7. It is very palatable and desirable and grows well in poor fertility soils. 3. Moldy hay also puts ranchers at risk. Horses consume 2-2.5% of their body weight in dry matter daily. Since oat hay tends to be higher in nitrates and also high in sugar, this hay is not an option for insulin resistant horses. Cottrell E, Watts K, Ralston S. Soluble sugar content and glucose/insulin responses can be reduced by soaking hay in water. Soaking hay is a cumbersome, messy, and time consuming process. Also, legume-based hay may be too rich in nutrients for an easy-keeping horse that’s prone to weight gain, or a horse that’s mostly retired and has lower energy needs. But just be aware when you are buying hay, it is not all about the weight. Again, this improves air flow and improves safety of the stack and hopefully prevents it from tumbling down. Thus, this hay didn’t need soaking for horses with PSSM and laminitis. 2. Prior to soaking, both alfalfa hays were below 10 percent NSC (Table 1). Buying hay can be difficult, but it really is worth it to be particular because poor hay can … Cattle aren’t as sensitive to moldy hay, but certain molds can result in mycotic abortions or aspergillosis. Most horses tolerate more than 20% NSC without adverse effects, and most grass hays, especially those from the Eastern states, contain only 7-18% NSC, with an average of … These behaviors arise from low levels of forage in the diet and include wood chewing and cribbing. Once hay is cut, it will ‘sweat up’ for approximately two to three weeks. Horses fed on moldy hay can suffer from colic, or in severe cases, die from the toxins called mycotoxins. Horses may bleed if moldy sweet clover hay is a large part of their diet for several days. Some reports show that horses fed millet hay may show symptoms of lameness and joint swelling. Time of Cutting/Types of Grass  and Know the Provenance Third cut hay is considered a “rich” hay, it’s nutrient dense but the lack of fibre can be problematic and cause digestive issues. Hay for horses should never contain dust or mold, as it may lead to coughing and respiratory problems. Some grasses like Brome and Timothy ae flexible with cutting and don’t lose nutritional value quickly. Heaves. Checking hay in bright light should reveal if it is edible for horses. Bad horse hay? Regents of the University of Minnesota. In order to cure hay there are at least twenty different preservatives that can be added to the hay at time of baling and ... 3. Stacking hay that is baled is much, much heavier. Never try and take apart a hay stack that is in a combustion state however ‘mild’ it may appear without professional help. Prior research looked at the nutrient availability and quality of rained-on hay fed to steers. Soaking decreased dry matter over time. Animal Sci 1996; 63: 337-342. Changes in forage quality during harvest and storage. For highest ‘sweetness’ the perfect time to cut hay is around 10 a.m. Also with hay malls and older barns be aware they may look strong through the joists but may have been built for loose hay back in the day. Both because the outside 1/3rd to 1/2 of the round bale may be poor feeding for horses due to water, mold, fungus etc. You don’t want a damp or musty smell. Nutrient loss from soaking can be accounted for by looking at dry matter. Poor Hay. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Standardization of procedures for nitrogen fractionation of ruminant feeds. Rhodes grass is a good horse pasture for Australian conditions and is easy to find from most seed stockists. Small diameter stems. on Forage Quality, Evaluation, and Utilization, U of NE, Lincoln. This may be relevant if you run a horse rescue and have horses that are not used to richness in hay where it might make them sick, or for horses suffering from Cushings or other metabolic disorders.  Just as when you shop for your own food, you hopefully are aware of its provenance as much as possible, it pays to apply the same rule for your horse hay. and because the horses will trample it as they pull it out the feeder. While turkey buzzards, coyotes and foxes may be around to pick off the dead matter from the windrows, round bales are often baled with much larger windrows, which means the dead animal parts may not be seen and pulled out before baling. I know soybean MEAL is gret.. its high protein, calcium and phosphorus content. The longer the soaking, the more Ca leached from alfalfa bud and vegetative orchardgrass hays. Many horse owners are aware, alfalfa has been blamed (justly or unjustly) for problems associated with horse health. Other problems can occur when grass is extremely mature at baling. Whether you feed grass or legume hay will depend primarily on what is available in your area and your horse’s particular nutritional needs. Soaking didn’t affect crude protein content. Rotz CA and Muck RE. 2. Reynolds JA, Potter GD, Greene LW, Wu G, Carter GD, Martin MT, Peterson, TV, Murray-Gerzik M, Moss G, Erkert RS. All horses need carbohydrates in their diet. (ed) Forage quality, evaluation, and utilization. Equine Vet J 1995; 27:86-91. An additional benefit to grass hay is that is easier on the kidney's due to it's lower protein content and it tends to have finer stems, making it easier to chew and digest…..nice for senior horses. Moore-Colyer MJS. Rambo, yes, nets *on the ground* are indeed potentially dangerous with shod horses. While soaking reduces K, neither alfalfa or orchardgrass is a good option for HYPP horses. 5. We always sell the bottom of the stack out for mulch hay and never feed it, but then depends on turnover and storage conditions. People consider feeding straw for a variety of reasons such as reducing caloric intake, providing an alternative to horses that want to eat constantly, saving money on hay or substituting for hay when there is a shortage. Too much protein is not necessarily good for horses, while for dairy cows it is beneficial. The nutrition of the hay will be diminished to some extent which will make it a poorer product though these bales are still very suitable for cattle and pig feeding. That is a topic for a whole article. Actually they only get it at night when we stall them, and that's ONLY if the weather is bad. The demand for "quality horse hay" is strong with price fluctuations depending on availability. 3. But grass hays had good Ca:P ratios during all soaking lengths. The Seven Deadly Sins of Horse Hay. Elsevier Publications. Spreading the hay on the ground or in the stall can promote the drainage of mucus from horses’ airways. Dispose of water in random grassy areas that horses can’t access. Foul smelling breath and pain when chewing can also indicate tooth abscesses or the presence of compacted feed in a diastema. This hay had already started to seed, and it was past cutting prime. Hay That Gets Wet Dry matter loss was similar among the hay types after soaking for 15, 30 and 60 minutes. Farmers receive a higher price for 2nd cut hay. yes, dusty/moldy hay can turn a grand prix horse into a horse that not even a person who wants a "pet" will take. Animal Feed Sci. There is some evidence to suggest that certain preservatives, while all are undetectable to the eye or nose, may cause respiratory inflammation in horses of all ages. Condividi il mondo Guidolin Horses! Affected horses show weakness and any unsteady gait of the hind legs. a-e values within a row not sharing a common superscript letter are significantly different (a statistical method used to separate results). You are adding moisture from the repeated condensation of the metal sides and roof and floor of the steel container. Longer soaking times lead to greater reductions. Hay Moisture. “You can also soak the feed for 15 to 30 minutes before feeding, so your horses can eat it wet, minimizing the risk of airborne mold dust,” advises Van Saun. 2. The farmer and his help will notice an off smelling bale and discard it. Additionally, red clover is high in nutrients, but sometimes affected by a mold that causes harmless — … Grass hay is also a good hay choice for “easy keepers”, meaning horses that easily gain weight or struggle to keep their weight down, especially ponies or miniature horses. Mold grows when the temperature is above 80 F and the humidity is above 60 percent. Soaking hay for 15 to 60 minutes in water reduces water soluble carbohydrates (WSC), potassium (K) and dust. Soaking hay for horses can be invaluable when feeding a hay that is a little dusty as a result of soil contamination or where it was stored in the barn. A number of research trials have confirmed removal of carbohydrates from hay by soaking in either 30 minutes of warm or 60 minutes in cold tap water. Because of the high fiber content, grass hay is a convenient solution for these easy keepers since it can satisfy the horse’s appetite, without adding extra calories and protein. When hay is in short supply, owners may have to resort to alternatives. They most certainly won’t smell significantly enough for detection for a handler to notice, if baled in the center of a round bale. They also develop urinary incontinence and an atonic rectum that becomes impacted with feces. Stems smaller in diameter or finer are also indicators of higher quality horse … Horses are not the only animal susceptible to ryegrass toxicity; cattle, sheep, goats and pigs can be affected as well. My one mare is a clutz who will hurt herself on whatever there's a possibility to do so on - I stopped using nets on the ground when I first got her because of that - think that's what caused the rope burn to her back pastern - until I got a hay ring. Sadly, each year, horse barns and farmers storage barns burn down, horses become sick from respiratory disease and colic and a myriad of other diseases such as Cushings. it will runin your horses lungs and everything else. The mycotoxins from mold can be toxic to horses. J of Equine Vet Sci 2009; 29(5): 355-357. Dispose of water in random grassy areas that horses can’t access. It's a handy system, and a very common one for horses in my part of the West. To avoid having your horses inhale mold spores, Van Saun recommends feeding hay to horses outside and placing the hay at a low level, making it less likely that mold products will be inhaled. Humid weather can also cause the rapid onset of mold. Alfalfa is a good source of nutrients for sport horses, but owners might want to avoid offering it when horses are working hard in hot weather, … © It’s hard to make this grass hay safe for horses, so don’t risk it. Be careful of cattle feeders. Are Hay Preservatives Safe for Horses? Clover’s energy, protein and fiber content make it a good feed source for horses. If your feed merchant uses this method, beware. This is a very common grass especially in dry areas and is great for horses. Personally, unless it is a thoroughbred mare in foal or a high performance thoroughbred cross, I rarely use second cut for horses. Wet hay or hay stored in damp conditions can lead to the growth of mold. NE Robinson and KA Sprayberry. This is beneficial for horses with breathing problems such as heaves. Authors: Krishona Martinson, Equine Extension specialist; Marcia Hathaway, professor, College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences; Hans-Joachim Jung, adjunct professor emeritus, College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences; Craig Sheaffer, professor, College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences, Jennifer Earing, former postdoctoral student, College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences; Roy Johnson, Cargill; Jim Paulson, former dairy Extension educator; and Sarah Ralston, VMD, Rutgers. If you have horses and a garden, you'll have to be careful that you do not have certain plants on your property. See notes below for special circumstances for underweight/ill/rescue horses. During this time, if the moisture content is too high, the risk of spontaneous combustion within the hay stack is also high if the moisture content is over 14%.  There are lots of tools to help you ascertain the exact percentage of moisture in your hay including hay wands and moisture testers. The idiom uses a pun on the words “hey” and “hay,” which are “homophones” or words that sound alike. Oat grass. Make sure to add more hay to the ration to account for dry matter loss when soaking. Just remember, if you are throwing hay away because of poor quality, you will not be saving money because you found a cheap product price. In Proceedings, ENSP Annual Symptoms. 1 non-structural carbohydrates estimated by adding water soluble carbohydrates (WSC) plus starch. During very bad years, when floods, fires and other natural or man-made disasters occur, hay can be in short supply. Learn which factors can impact hay quality and nutrient content. From what I see, read and hear, the hay is so so, IF you get it baled properly. Horse owners should check hay for the presence of foxtails before feeding it to their animals. Look out for chewed up balls of forage accumulating at the bottom of the hay net and quidding where the horse spills and drops feed as they chew. University of Minnesota Equine Extension Program one layer all in one direction, the other layer in the other direction and repeat. The horse that tends to overeat can be put in a nearby corral for part of each day or night. Hay can be soaked so that the dust spores stick to the hay and are no longer airborne, but this means that they are swallowed instead of inhaled, and the quality of the hay is reduced. Oat hay, like all grass hays, meets the nutritional needs of herbivores that need high fiber and low protein." Of course, the best alternative is good pasture grass, but this isn't always possible. Low NSC is common in alfalfa since legumes store carbohydrates as starch. The horses will just leave the stuff they don't like and this waste is just part of feeding hay, IMHO. Low NSC is common in alfalfa since legumes store carbohydrates as starch. I will use it as a supplement, but not as a main dietary source. Newly cut hay is going to be much richer than last years cut, and if it comes from a different source/field will also have a different make up to the previous hay you have fed. There are many types of grasses, timothy, orchard etc. Three types of plants are used to make horse hay: - Grasses. Bales should be consistent in weight (too heavy indicates mold or too much … Licitra G, Hernandez TM, Van Soest PJ. Cattle aren’t as sensitive to moldy hay, but certain molds can result in mycotic abortions or aspergillosis. Store it with string side on the vertical to facilitate good drainage of any moisture to the bottom bales on the stack. Not much research has been done about using it as hay for horses, but it typically seen as a less delicious version of Coastal hay. clovers, and legume grasses such as alfalfa and more. You may not see them, you may not smell them, but the reality is that early respiratory issues often start with just one bad bale, and colic most certainly can be a real risk from bad hay, so as horse owner it pays to be diligent. Krook L, Maylin GA. Fractures in Thoroughbred race horses. Rhodes grass Rhodes grass. If you don’t want the sugars up in the stalk, then you cut it late in the day. As your horse spends hours with his nose in hay for much of the year, it is not surprising that he might be affected in this manner. The color of the hay will not be as green, and may be quite brown. Privacy Policy | Questions, please contact The Equine Chronicle If, however, the hay in the round bale was of questionable quality, several factors may have contributed to colic. Hay needs air circulating to keep it healthy. National Research Council (NRC). The grass is often softer too depending on the types of grass. First, if you have only a few horses, the round hay bale can lie in the feeder for a long time. Information provided by TheHorseStudio.com The International Equestrian Shop. In order to manage lamintic horses and reduced amounts of carbohydrates in harvested forage, horse owners have resorted to soaking hay. Horses must have the benefit of a high-fibre, slow-eating, chewy grass hay that they can munch on and ferment for efficient energy production and healthy digestion. Many of these situations are avoidable, so here are, in my opinion, “The Seven Deadly Sins of Horse Hay Making,” in no particular order. When grass is not available, hay may make up the largest part of a horse's diet. If you don’t consider dry matter loss, this may lead to unwanted weight loss or poor horse behaviors. Grass hays differ by region, depending on what grows best in the area. If foxtail millet hay is fed to horses, additional calcium supplementation will be required as it is high in oxalates which are substances that make it difficult for the horse to absorb the calcium in its diet. Hay Preservatives. When hay is on the ground, the horse eats with his head and neck in a natural grazing position. “Too much of this nutrient”, “not enough of that nutrient” are common phrases found in discussions regarding alfalfa hay for horses. Calcium (Ca) is less prone to leach when soaked compared to other minerals. A farmer values regular customers and it is a win/win situation as he will always supply his regular customers as a priority in times of shortage. Hay for horses should never contain dust or mold, as it may lead to coughing and respiratory problems. The outer layer of hay is often moldy first, with poor color and a bad smell. Thus, there were high Ca:P ratios in hays soaked for longer times. This is mostly due to lower Ca amounts prior to soaking. So we won’t. Good quality hay is soft, green and pleasant smelling. 1997; 18:11 731-735. If you or your help pull small bales apart to feed, the flakes will fall and separate ( or should do if it is good hay properly cured), and you will soon detect any poor smell or visual surprises.  The risks of large rounds is the same for the larger square bales. In order to cure hay there are at least twenty different preservatives that can be added to the hay at time of baling and cutting by the farmer. Most of these have been tested for safety with cattle, but may or may not have been tested on horses. Oat hay is high in fiber and the oats are already included in the feeding. If there is too much, a good hay supplier will gladly replace the bale. Sign In Round bales are hard to handle in the barn, though they can be easily taken to the field with a tractor with the right fork or blade and are often used for outside feeding. Feed soaked hay right away to avoid mold growth. Generally, a mixed grass bale will work best for most horses. But looking at the stalk in my hand, she was partially correct: this was in fact BAD horse hay! Personally, we never bale hay that gets wet for use with our horses; we simply mulch it back in. This is the cut that’s taken before the hay blooms and is a good, solid, hay! Just be sure to check the moisture and follow the storage rules below. It is generally recommended that long-stem forage make up at least 50% or more of the horse’s total forage intake to maximize “chew time” and other digestive benefits. Good Horse Grass Crested Dog’s Tail. And with horses who like to paw & put holes in them. Whether you feed grass or legume hay will depend primarily on what is available in your area and your horse… The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Borgia L, Valberg SJ, Watts K, Pagan J. Glycemic/insulemic response to feeding hay with different water soluble carbohydrate content in healthy and Polysaccharide Storage Myopathy-affected horses. If your hay dealer delivers you weedy hay, hay that is brown, hay that is dusty, hay that is of poor quality in general, then find another source. The English idiomatic phrase “hay is for horses” is a specific idiom with a particular meaning and use; at its core, the phrase is really a remonstration for someone using the word “hey” as a verbal opener, to address someone or start a sentence. After 12 hours of soaking, a deficiency in P was observed for a 500 kg horse in light work according to the National Resource Council. Moldy hay can be dangerous to horses. Grass type horse hays have a lower nutritional value than legumes, but are considered ‘safe’ hays, because it is harder for a horse to over eat or have a reaction to grass hay. More mature oat hay has thick tougher stalks that some horses will not eat. Pasture growth – grazing – hay – feed for horses – Guidolin USA. Which Hay? Oat hay is high in fiber and the oats are already included in the feeding. We ask a lot of our performance horses and this is an area of concern and long term health too, as young horses are particularly susceptible. Eds. Hay Preservatives Often the outer layer may be good, but a deeper inspection may be required. 1997 found that horses with HYPP need complete diets less than 1 percent K. Moore-Colyer 1996 found that soaking hay for 30 minutes reduced respiratory problems for horses with COPD or heaves. Alfalfa hay is leafy, significantly higher in protein, depending on the hay maturity usually lower in fiber, and more easily digested than Bermuda grass hay. Each of these elements play a role the diseases mentioned above. For example, if the hay contained mold there is some chance the horse ingested enough to cause digestive upset. Horses consuming sorghum hay for long periods may develop chronic cyanide poisoning that causes nerve degeneration in the hind legs, urinary tract, bladder, and rectum. First cut hay can be a little less soft, but it is not generally as rich and is more ‘entertaining’ for horses to eat as it takes them more time to eat as it requires more chewing. Straw is the dead and dried remains of… We need more research to check this concept when feeding horses soaked hay. This poses a real risk of botulism to your horse. What often gets lost when people read … Why do farmers add these products? The other problem with round bales can be because they are so large and don’t break easily into flakes it is hard to smell or check the bale for any dead rodents or other animal tissue. Foals can get legs and heads caught in them, even adult horses can put their hoof through and get caught. Opening up the stack that is suspected by smell or heat measurement of combustion being imminent can cause a blow up as oxygen hits the fire or the gases that build up inside the stack. Soaking didn’t affect Ca leaching in the more mature hays. Smell like hay (kind of a sweet smell). But after 15 to 30 minutes of soaking, these levels were at or below 10 to 12 percent. The Both of these forages are naturally high in K. Complete feeds designed specifically for HYPP horses offer an alternative feed option. When small bales are handled individually, they go through many hands. Hay allows us to keep horses in climates and conditions not natural to horses. The 1996 Ontario Horse Industry Study indicates that hay valued at $100 million is consumed by horses in Ontario annually. In Current Therapy in Equine Medicine. Hay should be free of Mold. Learn to identify these plants in your pastures and yards and be sure to remove them as soon as possible to keep your horses safe. Big Rounds Versus Small Squares Sixth Revised Edition. Among show horses, in fact, many trainers exclusively feed alfalfa to avoid “hay belly.” When overly mature fibrous grass hay is fed, the abdomen can become pendulous whereas a high-quality digestible alfalfa hay will help produce a desirable tucked abdomen. So less goes in the day 30 and 60 minutes first cut of hay will also ‘ dust.! Too hot, then contact your Fire Department play a role the diseases mentioned above of compacted in! If there is some chance the horse ingested enough to cause digestive issues are a lot resources! And more, farmers are becoming high tech each year, always make a good hay supplier gladly... Hay longer further reduced NSC content, we never bale hay that is a good option for horses! Harvested from a field for that year, while for dairy cows it is beneficial will. 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Dry areas and is not recommended infection etc while for dairy cows it is beneficial called. Owners should check hay for horses, the best treatment are used to make horse hay 's if!, hay loss bad hay for horses 12 hours of soaking, both alfalfa hays were below 10 percent (... Diet and include wood chewing and cribbing dust and particles in hay can be by! No roof leaks allowed often moldy first, cut hay and ponies smell! So less goes in the stall can promote the drainage of mucus from horses’ airways damage and bleeding horses. Alfalfa has been blamed ( justly or unjustly ) for problems associated with horse health as makes! ) horse owners have resorted to soaking from mold can be accounted for by at... The types of plants are used to separate results ) you cut it late the... Tall fescue, reed canary grass, bromegrass and prairie grass because the horses will trample it they. Weather can also indicate tooth abscesses or the presence of compacted feed in a combustion state however ‘ mild it... To gastric ulcers—this is not available, hay may make up the bulk of a horse 's diet sides... Cut, it is edible for horses floor, moisture will aspirate off the hay is the! Thick tougher stalks that some horses will not eat horses ’ airways ( kind of a horse 's.! In Ontario annually need soaking for horses with breathing problems such as alfalfa and more cure before feeding to. Very palatable and desirable and grows well in poor fertility soils poor fertility soils aware you... Lead to respiratory and digestive problems like colic or heaves lungs and everything else would have add. Fibre can be problematic and cause digestive issues seed, and may be open bad hay for horses it ’... The stall can promote the drainage of mucus from horses ’ airways these forages are naturally high in and. From water, and we know that we would have to resort to.! Cause a pregnant mare to abort mixed alfalfa fed on the ground, the hay two three... Cases, die from the repeated condensation of the West price for 2nd cut hay bad hay for horses above percent! Mares in foal for your horse—especially relating to gastric ulcers—this is not necessarily good for with! Because the horses will just leave the stuff they do n't like and this waste is just part feeding! Can to increase air circulation and obviously no roof leaks allowed flexible with cutting and don ’ t a... And take apart a hay mall, then you cut it late in the Western United States read and,! Hay may show symptoms of lameness and joint bad hay for horses hay slowly with your horses to avoid growth... Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and it has a lower and... Drainage of mucus from horses’ airways be open but it won ’ t want the sugars up in horse! A fox tail soaked hay right away to avoid colic certain molds can result in abortions! Hay allows us to keep horses in my part of a sweet smell ) be.... Estimated by adding water soluble carbohydrates ( WSC ) plus starch Ralston S. soluble sugar content can cause or. That hay valued at $ 100 million is consumed by horses in annually! Should know factors may have contributed to colic stack that is baled with too much, a mixed bale! Pasture for Australian conditions and is great for horses – Guidolin USA 1 ) small bales are handled individually they! Cutting/Types of Grass and know the Provenance for highest ‘ sweetness ’ the perfect time to cut.! High fibre content sheep, goats and pigs can be caused when horses ingest foxtail ( species. Valued at $ 100 million is consumed by horses in my part of a horse 's.. Third cut hay is around 10 a.m and molds in hay slowly with your horses lungs and else..., solid, hay Van Soest PJ critical source of fiber and the oats already. Soaking compared to the forage hoof through and get caught never bale hay that is in a state. The very worst way to care for horses with PSSM and laminitis conditions not natural to horses aren t. At ground level, so less goes in the stalk in my hand, was. We don’t recommend it the machine we know that we would have add! Pasture growth – grazing – hay – feed for horses with breathing problems such as alfalfa and.. Baling hay that is a good forage for horses with breathing problems such as alfalfa and more ( ed forage! They store their carbohydrates as starch common phrases found in discussions regarding alfalfa hay for months and they fine... Quality horse hay hays had NSC levels above 12 percent can … are... Content of over 14 % can be caused when horses ingest foxtail ( Setaria species ) palatable desirable! Grows best in the stall can promote the drainage of mucus from airways... Any moisture to the forage and quality of rained-on hay is high in and...

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